Hazardous Substance Evaluation

With the rapid development of socialized industrialization, the number of electrical and electronic appliances in our life grows in exponential, together with the intensive rising volume of overall waste. This waste contains toxic and hazardous substances which are growing huge continuously and casts severe damage to environment and organisms. Considering the waste disposal system was vulnerable, countries in the world have issued a series of related regulations and standards to strengthen its power: Restriction of Hazardous Substances( RoHS) 2.0(2011/65/EU)directive, Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE) directive, China Electronic Information Products Pollution Control Management Measures.
    ANBOTEK,(ANBOTEK) has years of profound experience in conducting tests of toxic and hazardous substances in electrical and electronic products and has gained worldwide recognition:
- Accredited lab by CNAS (No.:L3503)
- U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) listing Laboratory
- Accredited by China Metrology Accreditation(CMA);
- Accredited by United Kingdom Accreditation Service(UKAS);

Product Range

- Household appliances 
- Information Technology equipment and telecommunication equipment
- Consuming goods
- Illuminating attachments
- Electrical and electronic tools(apart from large industrial application tools)
- Toys, games & sports equipment
- Medical devices
- Monitoring and control equipment
- Vending machines
- Other electrical and electronic products

Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemicals (REACH) was issued officially after the final round of ballot vote by Council of Ministers on 18 December 2006 and fully implemented on EU market on June 1st 2007.

In substitution of the 40 regulations in practice among EU regions, REACH stands as a series of unified regulations addressing the registration, evaluation, authorisation and restriction of chemicals. According to its impeccable registration and assessment system, about 30,000 chemical substances are covered and both pre-registered and new chemical substances with an annual output or import volume amounting to over 1 ton are required to be registered to reveal safe use information.

When the items concerning substances of very high concern (SVHC) content is higher than 0.1%, and the annual import volume is over 1 ton, manufacturers or importers of the goods must be informed to the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA) which authorizes the candidate SVHC list. Once the substance is added to the list, manufacturers or importers of it are required to report immediately according to REACH. Manufacturers, exporters and distributors must guarantee their products free of SVHC to evade being fined or recalling products.

EU members propose restriction on the production, sales and use of certain toxic substances. When they come into use, the potential threats from which to human health and environment is unacceptable and will be strictly restricted on EU market (according to REACH ANNEX XVII).

REACH is the combination of a series of standards ranging wide other than chemicals. It addresses almost every product imported into EU.It is absolutely challenging for most enterprises to comply to REACH.

ANBOTEK can provide overall and precise services tailored to the specific needs of customers for customers to choose the best scheme on grounds of our powerful technical support and advanced laboratory facilities.


A detailed explanation of the REACH regulations, to help understand the requirements of the regulations

Product Analysis and Determination of REACH Requirements

Identify whether the product is required to register, report or restricted and make assessment on its appliance to REACH.

SVHC testing

Targeted test of the substances of very high concern to ensure the SVHC content volume below the limit and promptly notify the customer of updated SVHC list.

Annex XIIV restricted substances Test

Targeted test of the products, materials and substances of high risks to ensure the SVHC content volume below the limit and promptly notify the customer of updated Annex XIIV restricted substances list.

The Restriction of Hazardous Substances Directive 2002/95/EC(RoHS) and the Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment Directive 2002/96/EC (WEEE) were published on the official communiqué by the European Union parliament and council on February 13th 2003.

The EU official communiqué published 2011/65/EU(RoHS 2.0)to replace 2002/95/EC in July 2011. The new RoHS2.0 directive became law on July 21st 2011 and took force on Jan. 3rd 2013. Based on this, four substances (HBCDD, DEHP, BBP, DBP) are required to be assessed prior to the previous six hazardous substances which remains unchanged to facilitate the review of restricted substances in the future.

According to the RoHS 2.0, all CE logo products under the jurisdiction must

meet the requirements of low voltage (LVD), Electro Magnetic Compatibility (EMC), energy related products (ErP) and RoHS 2.0, before they enter into the EU market from the abolition day of primary RoHS on.

ANBOTEK can provide integral solution for ROHS testing, including Wet chemical testing, XRF screening ,ROHS conformity assessment(PCS), and technical consultant and training of global ROHS

Other regulations on electrical and electronics products in EU

EU WEEE Directive 2002/96/EC

EU REACH: EC 1907/2006

EU ELV Directive 2000/53/EEC

EU Directive 94/62/EC

EU new battery directive 2006/66/EC

EU ErP Directive 2005/32/EC

Main regulations on electrical and electronics products in the world


The state of California formulated the California Electronic waste recycling legislation on Sep. 2003, i.e. SB 20 Senate Bill CHAPTERED and SB 50. The legislation stipulates the requirements for video display device to recycle and restricted substances used in certain electronic devices. It came into effect on Jan. 1st 2007 by force. It is mainly composed of two sections: recycle and reuse; restriction on heavy metallic electronic devices. The first section requires the distributors to charge consumers on certain electronic devices at the sales outlet. The second section stipulates the electronic devices produced after the date Jan. 1st 2007, with concentration values for lead, Cadmium, mercury and hexavalent chromium over the related maximum concentration values are prohibited to enter the threshold of CA market.

The California Restriction of Hazardous Substances (CA RoHS) regulation came into effect on January 1, 2007. The purpose of this law is to limit the amount of certain hazardous heavy metals in specific electronic devices so that those metals never find their way into landfills, where they can be released into the environment. California RoHS applies to manufacturers, distributors, wholesales, and retailers who sell, or offers for sale, a covered electronic device in California. Under this law, a “covered electronic device” is defined as a video display device with a screen greater than four inches measured diagonally.

The maximum concentration values (MCV) for lead, mercury, and hexavalent chromium the MCV is 0.1% by weight. The MCV for cadmium is 0.01% by weight.

China RoHS

Administrative Measure on the Control of Pollution Caused by Electronic Information Products (also known as China RoHS) came into force on Mar. 1st 2007. It is a Chinese government regulation that controls the legal threshold of mercury,lead, hexavalent chromium,cadmium, polybrominated biphenyls (PBBs), and polybrominated diphenly ethers (PBDs) in electrical and electronic products in Chinese market. 

ANBOTEK provide integrated China RoHS services including:

- Product Analysis and Determination of China RoHS Requirements

- Test the Toxic Materials and Hazardous Substances

- Product Labeling according to the requirements of SJ/T 11364-2006 and Table of Toxic Materials and Hazardous Substances design

- RoHS Consulting and training

Japan RoHS

Japanese Industrial Standard JIS C 0950:2008 took effect on July 1st2008. It stipulates the labeling methods on specified chemicals: lead, cadmium, mercury, hexavalent chromium, polybrominated biphenyls (PBBs), and polybrominated diphenly ethers (PBDs) in seven categorized electrical and electronic devices as per PC, air-conditioner, TV, freezer, washing machine, microwave oven, and clothes dryer. The reference values of the above chemicals are the same as those which apply to the EU’s RoHS Directive.

Korea RoHS

The Act for Resources Recycling of Electrical and Electronic Products and Automobiles, commonly referred to as "Korea RoHS," was adopted on Jan. 1st 2008.

It stipulates the maximum allowable levels of restricted substances: the maximum value of lead, mercury, hexavalent chromium, polybrominated biphenyls (PBBs), and polybrominated diphenly ethers (PBDs) in ten categorized electronic products each must be below the restricted 1000ppm while the restricted value of cadmium must be below 100ppm; the maximum value of lead, mercury and hexavalent chromium in automobiles each must be below the restricted 1000ppm while the restricted value of cadmium must be below 100ppm. The Act stipulated that manufacturers declare the captioned maximum value in conformity with the regulations on their webpage within one month after the products entering into Korean market.

Norway is not a member of European Union. Thus its regulatory requirements as to the hazardous substances in electrical and electronic products vary from those of EU.

Product Regulations-the Norwegian regulations on controlling the hazardous substances came into force on July 1st 2004.The regulatory requirements for electrical and electronic products in current edition of the above consist with those in RoHS directive of EU.

Later in May 2007,Norwegian Pollution Control Authority SFT proposed inserting draft section in Product Regulations as per Prohibition on Certain Hazardous Substances in Consumer Products (PoHS) which covers the majority consumer products including electrical and electronic products, apparel, toys and increases the RSL list to 18 substances. It took effect officially on Jan. 1st 2008. Electrical and electronic products exported to Norway must accord with both RoHS directives and PoHS regulations.

In July 2008, according to international industrial standards and risk assessment, the Norwegian Pollution Control Authority SFT revised PoHS adjusting its restricted substances list to 10 substances.

Revised 10 hazardous materials

Number Substance Limitation Exception
1 Arsenic 0.01% Lead-acid batteries, brass, crystal and lead glass
2 Lead 0.01% Already regulated paint, crystal and lead glass, optical glass, according to Norwegian laws and regulations administered makeup cosmetics and health products
3 Cadmium 0.01% Specific use red or yellow glass, and there is no alternative, according to Norwegian laws and regulations administered makeup cosmetics and health products
4 HBCDD 0.1%
5 Middle-chain chlorinated Paraffins 0.1% Highlighted the need for flame retardant products, and no suitable alternative
6 Musk xylene 0.05% Detergents, cosmetics and regulations administered by the Norwegian Cosmetics
7 Perfluorooctane acid 0.005% Regulated products such as textiles, carpets and other coating consumer goods
8 Bisphenol A 0.005% Seamless flooring, brake fluid, thermal paper, cosmetics regulated by the Norwegian Cosmetics Regulation
9 Pentachlorophenol 0.1% Regulated products such as textiles, leather
10 Triclosan 0.001% Cosmetics regulated by the Norwegian Cosmetics Regulation

Risk Materials:

Plastics, lubricants, organic additives; plastics, plasticizers, etc.; daily chemical fixative, daily chemical disinfectant, preservative; surface treatment, wood preservative;


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